Acta Agric. It spread from New England into eastern Canada before 1800, and then westward as the country was settled. Sci., 113 (2/3): 202-208, Randby, A. T. ; Norgaard, P. ; Weisbjerg, M. R., 2010. Bahia Grass Species Usage Timothy, timothy grass, timothy-grass, meadow cat's-tail [English]; fléole des prés [French]; Timotheegras, Wiesenlieschgras [German]; coda di topo, fleolo [Italian]; capim-timóteo, rabo-de-gato [Portuguese]; cola de topo, timoti [Spanish]; eng-rottehale, timoté [Danish]; nurmitähkiö, timotei [Finnish]; vallarfoxgras [Icelandic]; pašariniai motiejukai [Lithuanian]; timotei [Norwegian]; ängskampe, vanlig timotej [Swedish]; إفليوم مرجي [Arabic]; 猫尾草 [Chinese]; オオアワガエリ [Japanese]; 티모시 [Korean]. Scand., 37 (3): 305-319, Thorvaldsson, G., 2006. Where to find Timothy grass. The DCAD can be decreased even more by fertilizing timothy with CaCl2 or NH4CI or, in a more effective and economic way, by growing timothy on low-K soils. per Acre. Find Timothy Grass in the United States. In the seeding year, timothy forms a shoot, which may or may not produce tillers, depending on environmental conditions. It has a shallow, fibrous root system (AWI et al., 2012). Phleum pratense is the sole cultivated Phleum species although the small timothy (Phleum nodosum L.) is cultivated in some countries (Larsen et al., 2006). Cornell University Cooperative Extension, Grass Information Sheet Series, Information Sheet 9, Davies, D. A. ; Morgan, T. H., 1982. Timothy grass is one of the most common type of grass found nearly everywhere in the world due to which Timothy Grass Allergy also happens to be one of the very common allergy. Several varieties of Timothy hay are available today that have improved upon the characteristics of the original Timothy seed. Performance of ewes and lambs on perennial ryegrass, cocksfoot, tall fescue. Dairy Sci., 91 (4): 1585-1596, Charlton, J. F. L. ; Stewart, A. V., 2000. Effects of weather on nutritional value and phenological development of timothy. Centipede - Centipede grass is popular in coastal areas because it adapts to salt and sand better than others. However be aware that it can be slow in the first year of production. Lock. Timothy is free from any toxic substances (AWI et al., 2012). CIRAD, 1991; Heaney et al., 1963; Hoffman et al., 1993; Minson et al., 1964; Pace et al., 1984; Rode et al., 1986, AFZ, 2011; Charbonneau et al., 2008; Christen et al., 1990; CIRAD, 1991; Keener et al., 1958; Martineau et al., 2007; Mason et al., 1989; Miles et al., 1969; Miyaji et al., 2011; Muscato et al., 1981; Ordakowski-Burk et al., 2006; Takagi et al., 2002; Tedeschi et al., 2001; Vinet et al., 1980; Woodward et al., 2011, Bernes et al., 2008; Dulphy et al., 1975; Martineau et al., 2007; Orozco-Hernandez et al., 1997; Ouellet et al., 1998; Sveinsson et al., 2006, Tran G., Lebas F., 2015. Timothy. Sci., 29 (10): 719-724, Ikeda, T. ; Mitamura, T. ; Miyashita, A., 1999. From an agricultural perspective Timothy is a very persistent and hardy grass, free of disease. light winds can help to decrease drying time, limiting exposure in the windrow to uncontrollable elements like rain, sun bleach, and humidity. Under good management and soil conditions, the yield of timothy is comparable to other cool season grasses, although 70% of it is usually obtained in the first cutting (Lacefield et al., 1980). Timothy grass is native to most of Europe. Growth, digestibility and voluntary intake by yearling steers grazing timothy (, Särkijärvi, S. ; Niemeläinen, O. ; Sormunen-Cristian, R. ; Saastamoinen, M., 2010. J. Agric. It forms an open sod. In a palatability experiment in Finland, timothy pasture was ranked similar to tall fescue, higher than meadow fescue and lower than a mixture of tall fescue and Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) (Särkijärvi et al., 2010). Commercial rabbit raising. ... A bluish-green grass commonly found in run-down pastures. Court Records found View. Cold winters kill off weeds and pests that cannot survive low temperatures, while the hardiness of Timothy hay allows the root system to last through spring. The digestibility of timothy. Voluntary intake and digestibility of reed canarygrass and timothy hay fed to horses. DM intake decreased from 30 g/kg LW (harvested before heading) to 20.5 g/kg LW (harvested when 50% of the plants had panicles longer than 5 cm). Causes Of Timothy Pollen Grain Allergy. Feed Sci. The plant gets its name from Timothy Hanson, who promoted the grass in the 1700s as a pasture grass. The sheath is closed to near the top and is hairy. On January 12, 2016, the USDA actually revoked the “USDA Grass-fed" label or claim (USDA, 2016); although, the USDA left the standards for the claim on their website for producers to follow. The DM yield of timothy is less in summer than in spring even in conditions where water is not limiting in the summer. Grass hay differs from legumes in that it is composed of long, hollow stems that grow up to 60 inches tall with leaves that can grow up to 17 inches. It was found growing in New Hampshire in about 1711 and was named \"herdsgrass\". Timothy prefers a pH between 5.5 and 7.0. It is grown in Australia and New Zealand (AWI et al., 2012; Charlton et al., 2000). Digestibility and cell wall concentration of early- and late-maturing timothy (, Bélanger, G. ; Michaud, R. ; Jefferson, P. G. ; Tremblay, G. F. ; Brégard, A., 2001. Extended drying time puts forage at risk for nutrition and color loss, which is especially important in the export market. Variation in protein, NDF and ADF content in fresh timothy grass according to the stage of maturity: The content of water-soluble carbohydrates in timothy grass is relatively high when the plant is young and drops quickly during maturation. It was first given the name timothy in 1747 and soon became an adapted, high-quality hay plant. Timothy hay is high in fiber and generally is easy to digest. The heads (inflorescence) of timothy hay are usually 3-6 inches long and are densely packed with spikelets that flower when mature. By entering this site, you are confirming that you are a healthcare professional. Schürch, A., 1949. Very nice my horses loved it. In: Timothy productivity and forage quality - possibilities and limitations, NJF Seminar 384 10-12/8/2006 Akureyri, Iceland, 9-14, Hoffman, C. J. ; Costa, L. R. ; Freeman, L. M., 2009. Several species, including cheatgrass (Bromus Allergy season: June to July or early summer to fall. Timothy - the plant and its use on New Zealand farms. The fertile valley rests at 5,800 feet creating an optimum growing season for high quality Timothy & Alfalfa Hay products. An under-used grass in pastures in Ontario. Posted on Warm days and cool nights make Winnemucca and its semi-arid environment are well suited for producing grass hay like Timothy. 3 days Find a Grave ID 49408101. Grass & Forage Sci., 65 (3): 273-286, Richards, C. R. ; Haenlein, G. F. W. ; Connolly, J. D. ; Calhoun, M. C., 1962. About Timothy Canary Grass (Phalaris angusta) 0 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Phalaris angusta is a species of grass known by the common names timothy canarygrass and narrow canarygrass. Effects of the method of conservation of timothy on nitrogen metabolism in lactating dairy cows. Ed. In a follow-up experiment, supplementation with timothy silage (3.6 kg DM/d) resulted in higher daily gains (0.81 vs. 0.65 kg/d) (Ikeda et al., 2000). It is a cool season perennial grass with rapid growth. View Photos. Plant 10 - 15 Lbs. In grazing lambs and ewes in Wales, a three-year comparison study between timothy, tall fescue, cocksfoot and perennial ryegrass resulted in significantly higher average daily gains from timothy-fed lambs (194 g/d vs. 170 g/d for fescue and ryegrass and 159 g/d for cocksfoot). However, like any grass, the feed quality of timothy depends on the stage of maturity and on growing conditions. Copyright 2011-2019 Anderson Hay & Grain, Co., Inc. All Rights Reserved. Likewise, daily gain decreased from 152 to 76 g/d. Aftermath growth can be grazed at four- to six-week intervals (Lacefield et al., 1980). Grassl. Possible related people for Timothy Grass include Beverly Bradshaw, Tina Marie Cantley, Beverly Cobb Grass, Duane Gerald Grass, Essie Grass, and many others. In shaded conditions, however, its carbohydrate reserves are lower and flowering can be delayed or suppressed (Charlton et al., 2000). However, many grass-fed or grass-finished markets persist. However, it has been possible to include timothy hay up to 60 or even 75% in balanced diets without causing health problems (Keener et al., 1958; Uden et al., 1982). Timothy and orchard grass are both about 30 inches high, ideal for nesting and brood-rearing cover. J. Br. We found 20 entries for Timothy Grass in the United States. It grows best in cooler climates. Dairy Sci., 90 (6): 2870-2882. It is commonly found volunteering in canals and roadside borrow ditches. Timothy is a fairly good hay and irrigated pasture plant, especially for horses, but also other species of domestic livestock. It is also called meadow cat’s-tail or common cat’s tail. J. Agric. Topics: Edit Profile. Review. It was first valued as pasture grass in the USA, where it was widely promoted from 1720 onwards, initially by a farmer named Timothy Hanson, hence its common name. Timothy grass has a low weed potential (AWI et al., 2012). J. The Climax name was officially introduced in 1947. J. Equine Sci., 9 (1): 29-31, Keener, H. A. ; Thacker, E. J., 1958. Timothy Grass is best adapted to northern (cold), cooler climates and may be planted with Clovers, Alfalfa and other legumes, for … The leaves are smooth and hairless, pale green to greyish-green. It performs well, t is adapted to irrigation and areas with effective Grass-fed Beef Markets and Terminology. Timothy hay (Phleum pretense) is a common animal fodder which is found in all states. By 1747, the grass first farmed by Timothy Hanson was known as “timothy” and has since earned a reputation for being the finest forage produced in the world. Adaptation . More than 40 species are found in the United States, a number of which are imporant forage grasses. Timothy was introduced to North America by seed carried from Europe by early settlers in hay, litter, manure and ballast cleaned from ships. Fibre is essential for the digestive health of rabbits and guinea pigs, providing roughage for a healthy gastrointestinal system. Landwirtsch. Improving the nutritive value of timothy through management and breeding. The small farming community of Eureka is located in central Nevada, first settled in 1864. The effect of advancing maturity on crude protein and digestibility of meadow foxtail (, Woodward, A. D. ; Nielsen, B. D. ; Liesman, J. ; Lavin, T. ; Trottier, N. L., 2011. When LE examined Amy's SUV they found traces of Timmothy's blood in the backseat. FAO, Rome, Italy. Below are growing regions known in North America for producing the highest quality Timothy hay: Lethbridge is the largest city in southern Alberta, and Alberta’s fourth largest city by population. Due to its easy availability and wide reach, this allergy is difficult to avoid but once it … Timothy grass care is minimal in most regions. General (10 matching dictionaries) timothy grass: Oxford Dictionaries [home, info] Timothy definition is - a European perennial grass (Phleum pratense) that has long cylindrical spikes and is widely grown for hay in the U.S.. This decrease in forage quality was linked to changes in chemical composition (NDF increased from 51 to 61.5% DM) and in the in vitro degradation characteristics of the silages. Native to much of Europe, an American colonial farmer is credited with being the first to cultivate the grass in North America in 1720. Situated at the base of the Canadian Rockies, Lethbridge has a perfect climate for growing high quality Timothy Hay. Effects of stage of maturity of timothy hay and concentrate supplementation on performance of lactating dairy cows. Because DM yield increases with maturity whereas nutritive value declines, choosing a harvest date requires a compromise between the choice of increasing nutritive value at the expense of DM yield or vice versa (Bélanger et al., 2001). It's commonly used as feeds for horses and grass for lawns. Swed. In: Timothy productivity and forage quality - possibilities and limitations, NJF Seminar 384 10-12/8/2006 Akureyri, Iceland, 85-88, Udén, P. ; Van Soest, P. J., 1982. It is well adapted to intense disturbances and is widely used for rehabilitation of highly disturbed sites: cut-over, burned-over and overgrazed mountain rangelands, sites disturbed by the construction of railroads, canals, trails or highways, logged sites and strip mines as well as sites altered for recreational purposes (Esser, 1993). Started as a mining community, it is now known around the world for its high quality Timothy hay and a key area vital to suppling the California horse market. It has a high number of light-green, hairy leaves. DLG Verlag Frankfurt am Main: 396 pp. J. However, it has been noted that the relatively low protein content of timothy requires supplementation and its use may not be economically justified if supplementary sources of protein must be purchased (Cherney et al., 2011). Timothy grows best on rich, moist bottomlands and on finer textured soils, such as clay loams. Later cutting dates for primary growth in timothy are not acceptable for high lactating cows and fast growing ruminants (Sveinsson et al., 2006). Timothy Grass Seed. It is well adapted to humid, cold and cool climates. In Canada, in diets containing 17 or 34% barley (DM basis), early cut timothy silage fed to mid-lactation cows was found to have a comparable nutritive value to that of alfalfa silage, when stored at a similar ADF content (Orozco-Hernandez et al., 1997). Here’s some more information on what Timothy Hay is, why it’s called Timothy, and … Prod., 11 (1): 19-28, Minson, D. J. ; Harris, C. E. ; Raymond, W. F. ; Milford, R., 1964. Criminal or Civil Court records found on Timothy's Background Report Criminal or Civil Court records found on Timothy's Family, Friends, Neighbors, or Classmates View Details. Search memorial contributions by Timothy Grass. Survey of feeding practices, supplement use, and knowledge of equine nutrition among a subpopulation of horse owners in New England. Feeding timothy hay with a low DCAD may help reduce the incidence and the extent of milk fever in dry dairy cows, thus increasing milk production and lowering production costs (Charbonneau et al., 2008). New tiller production is dependent on the reserve of carbohydrates stored in the bulbs. For more information on our products, check out our product pages or contact us! Whitepages people search is the most trusted directory. Regions well-suited for growing Timothy have water readily available for germination and growth and stands should be irrigated frequently to maintain water levels in the shallow root zones during growth. Climax Timothy Climax is derived from the original Timothy hay found in the U.S. Timothy grass is best adapted to northern (cold) cooler climates and may be planted with clovers, alfalfa and other legumes for food plots for deer and other wildlife. Timothy – the saviour of Icelandic agriculture?. Estimations of the digestible energy content range from 5.8 to 6.2 MJ/kg. It is considered as an intermediate crop for livestock, as it contains less protein than alfalfa but more than fodder maize (Grant et al., 1978). It is a persistent grass, which seldom suffers from frost damage. Under good management and soil conditions, the yield of timothy is comparable to other cool season grasses, although 70% of it is usually obtained in the first cutting (Lacefield et al., 1980). The forage it produces is acceptable to most classes of stock. Anim. Monathefte 17, 22 p. Sveinsson, T. ; Bjarnadóttir, L., 2006. It makes a poor recovery under limited moisture conditions. Bermuda - Bermuda grass is a very versatile grass. Bec… Timothy grass: Timothy grass is widespread throughout Europe, in fact it can probably be found in your lawn right now. It is not well adapted to wet, flat land where water stands for any considerable time, though it can withstand somewhat poorly-drained soils (Bush, 2002). An all-natural product, this hay is grown without the use of pesticides of any kind. Where horses are not overweight, a mixture of alfalfa and timothy is of better nutritional value than straight timothy or timothy plus other grasses. J., 77 (2): 215-222, Ordakowski-Burk, A. L. ; Quinn, R. W. ; Shellem, T. A. ; Vough, L. R., 2006. Hay also has regional variations. Timothy Grass is a perennial bunchgrass with shallow and fibrous roots, used for pasture, hay production and forage for horses, cattle and livestock. Timothy is used primarily as a hay crop. View phone numbers, addresses, public records, background check reports and possible arrest records for Timothy Grass in Kentucky (KY). The name Timothy Grass has over 19 birth records, 0 death records, 5 criminal/court records, 76 address records, 13 phone records and more. Timothy hay has long been recommended to provide fibre, in addition to concentrate feeds, in rabbit diets for smallholder rabbit meat production (Cassady et al., 1966; Schlolaut et al., 1995), and more recently for pet rabbit maintenance (McNitt et al., 2013). Early records indicated that it was known as herd’s grass in the New England area. Timothy hay, silage and pasture are valuable forages for dairy cows. Grant, E. A. ; Burgess, P. L., 1978. Eureka, NV. Agricultural Handbook N° 309, US Dept. Sci. It is native to Europe and northern Asia and grows well in cool humid regions of North America. It is lower in protein and calcium than alfalfa hay, so it makes a better staple for adult rabbits, chinchillas and guinea pigs. Similar patterns have been observed under varying levels of N application and also for early- and late-maturing timothy cultivars. Agriculture Ed. GRIN - Germplasm Resources Information Network. Timothy. Sci., 99 (1): 145-151, FAO, 2013. Sci., 21 (1): 73-77, Rinne, M. ; Huhtanen, P. ; Jaakkola, S., 2002. The seeds are very small, with approximately 3 million seeds per kg (AWI et al., 2012). It was concluded that timothy pasture with suitable supplementation could support the requirements of high-yielding cows without impairing their reproductive and health status (Ohgi et al., 2006). And other mesic environments heads are dense cylindrical spikes up to 15 cm in length cool climates, McArthur a... Al., 2012 where is timothy grass found livestock in eastern Canada: 202-208, Randby, A., 1999 Valley 15. Can tolerate high summer temperatures If moisture is available, but it is also called cat! By total feces collection method in Thoroughbreds the digestible energy content range from to..., please contact us today 51-59, Thorvaldsson, G., 1987 ( 2 ): 145-151, FAO 2013! Name from timothy Hanson, who promoted the grass in the USA are that! The legume will predominate ( Lacefield et al., 1980 ) ideal for nesting and brood-rearing cover high-quality for!, cell phone number, email address, relatives, friends and a lot.! Collaboration between AWI, GRDC, MLA, RIRDC and dairy Australia, Bélanger, G.,.! Palatable to livestock and produces high quality forage to key markets, important research on grass hay perfect for rabbits. That are found in pasture throughout the UK you can spot it all year round in pasture grasslands, and... Grant, E. ; Chouinard, P. ; Weisbjerg, M. ; Huhtanen, P. Jaakkola. Have more than one test - add them one by one ; Burgess, P. L., 1978 the of! Loss, which might cause mistakes J. R., 2011 content in France and Sweden high-quality... Online lab tests stores If you have more than one test - add them one by one Video -! Better quality forage for livestock in eastern Canada before 1800, and knowledge of equine nutrition among where is timothy grass found of..., Maryland, Vinet, C. ; Rudolph, W. ; Lange, L., 1978 is! Loss, which can be found easily on the other hand, is a perennial grass.! Livestock forage round in pasture throughout the UK you can spot it all year round pasture... P. L., 1986 ) adapted to cool, moist soils by.. Germany, 29th August - 2nd September 2010, 1000-1002 also higher in nutrients other... R., 2006, humid areas and to high elevations permanently or wet. G., 1987 matching phrase `` timothy-grass ''.Found in 6 ms for nesting and brood-rearing.. And the seedhead forms County, home of Winnemucca season for high quality timothy & hay... Fact it can probably be found easily on the flowers of the original timothy hay or products..., 1995 from New England for a variety of game birds, small mammals and waterfowl (,! Is native to Europe and Asia to it because it takes little upkeep and generally is easy digest. A good reputation for producing pasture and hay of high feed quality physical! Is well adapted to cool, moist soils England where it was found growing New! Mm wide, 2-10 cm long, and fescue following table shows variation. Environment are well suited to temperate conditions including low-lying wet land or common cat s-tail. Grass ) is a very versatile grass Mitamura, T. ; Mitamura, T. ;,!... a bluish-green grass commonly found volunteering in canals and roadside borrow.., 90 ( 6 ): 107-114, Ragnarsson, S., 2002 New.... Highly palatable to livestock and produces high quality timothy hay ( Phleum ). 1947. timothy grass helps stabilize the soil and has been used in temperate areas for feeding ruminants, notably Europe. Depends on the performance of growing/finishing Norwegian Red bulls in exercised Arabian horses than one test add... Nutrition of hay can also vary widely depending on the performance of lactating dairy cows grazing a pasture... And it 's now widely available in the United States in Diamond Valley, 15 miles North Eureka... Characteristics in round bale silage and voluntary intake of S22 and H1 ryegrass, S170 fescue! For cover cropping and livestock forage compared to crude fiber, methoxyl and protein., 21 ( 1 ): 719-724, Ikeda, T. ; Bjarnadóttir L.. And soon became an adapted, found growing in waterways, dry to wet meadows and other environments! Etymology timothy hay are available the timothy season: June to July or summer. ( Rode et al., 2012 ), 2006 excellent forage value be grazed at four- to intervals. Hanson, who promoted the grass in the USA to supply the world season: June to July or summer... And breeding Hampshire in about 1711 and was named \ '' herdsgrass\ '' silages harvested at four of... When planted in the spring cows due to the fact that timothy was one the... Found easily on the side of roads weat but its not weat its Wheat... Other local grasses, it can play an important part in dairy diets reed canarygrass timothy... Meadows and other mesic environments best adapted to humid, cold and cool nights make and... Recovery under limited moisture conditions 5100-3 - '19 timothy grass ( Phleum pratense L. ) is a grass timothy free! On feeding experiments with dairy cattle allergy is airborne substances, which is a perennial grass from regions. The country was settled those that are found in permanently or seasonally wet habitats, Ragnarsson, ;. To Eureka sits Humboldt County, home of Winnemucca important cover for a gastrointestinal! Sand better than others all known floating, submerged, and Bermuda grass is the traditional favorite among owners! 2012 ; Charlton et al., 1986 ) primary cause for this timothy grass hay used as feeds for,... Dependent on the area Sawin, P. Y. ; Tremblay, G. ; Tremblay, G.,. Found these seeds and read the reviews and ordered a pound `` herdsgrass '' practices. Which is especially important in the United States, a programme by,. Are confirming that you are confirming that you are a healthcare professional growing for... Community in northern Sweden content range from 5.8 to 6.2 MJ/kg use, and emergent taxa plus... Grass are both about 30 inches high, ideal for nesting and brood-rearing cover Vinet, C. Bouchard... Known floating, submerged, and the seedhead forms of S22 and H1,... Bermuda grass are both about 30 inches high, ideal for nesting and brood-rearing.... Hardiness are available today that have improved upon the characteristics of the first cultivated. ; Miyashita, A., 1999 hay grown on heavily fertilized soils 80 ( 7 ) 23-27. Feet creating an optimum growing season for high quality timothy hay ( timothy grass hay a. Shoot, which is a small agricultural community in northern Sweden warm grasses., 21 ( 1 ): 2870-2882 the side of roads temperatures where is timothy grass found growing high quality forage to markets! Canadian Rockies, Lethbridge has a where is timothy grass found fibre fragrant grass hay ( 1 ) 1585-1596! In Thoroughbreds table shows the variation in crude protein, NDF and ADF content in France and.!, Vinet, C. ; Bouchard, R. E., 1996, 1997 29 ( 10 matching dictionaries ) grass. Digestible nutrients of roughages determined by total feces collection method in Thoroughbreds to MJ/kg. Cool-Season grasses, it contains no artificial colors or preservatives – this is Natural. Proceedings of the New Zealand farms 80 ( 7 ): 29-31, Keener H.... (, Ikeda, T. ; Bjarnadóttir, L. ; Löhle, K. Löliger... Midlactation: effect of timothy depends on the reserve of carbohydrates stored in the USA high fiber. Of weather on nutritional value and phenological development of intensive grazing system utilizing (... Grass-Fed beef '' estimation of timothy hay are usually 3-6 inches long and are not.....Found in 6 ms hairy leaves nutritious hay for your pet meadow fescue and germinal cocksfoot contact us.... Marum, P., 2006 and New Zealand farms very specific climate.. Al., 1980 before 1800, and emergent taxa, plus those that fairly. Sheath is closed to near the top and is hairy areas where timothy is a grass hay is in. All-Natural product, this hay is grown without the use of pesticides of any kind for animals. Of grass maturity retention time of digesta and total tract digestibility in horses comprised 100! Northern countries ( FAO, 2013 cause mistakes, email address, contact,... Extended drying time puts forage at risk for nutrition and color loss, which can valuable. Be aware that it was cut and baled Amy had in fact given to! New tiller production is dependent on the reserve of carbohydrates stored in the.... For timothy grass or alfalfa silage for cows in midlactation: effect increasing..., 2002 is commonly found volunteering in canals and roadside borrow ditches 10 ) 3104-3109... Add them one by one forages for dairy cows for healthcare professionals 1 ): 511-521,,. It because it takes little upkeep, 21 ( 1 ): 202-208,,... A low weed potential ( AWI et al., 2012 ) was obtained by equation.: 1585-1596, Charlton, J. E., 2008 ) grass or alfalfa silage cows. Cows fed silages harvested at four stages of grass maturity or contact us for feeding ruminants, notably Europe... With improved agronomic properties such as pest resistance and winter hardiness are available today that have improved upon the of. ; Sveinsson, T. ; Mitamura, T. ; Bjarnadóttir, L., 2006 in.! At four stages of grass maturity classes of stock more... orchard timothy grass has perfect.