[21] To qualify, they either have to have at least one Scottish parent or grandparent. Viewed as hard-working, decent, and reliable, Scots were desired pioneer settlers. By contrast, the final phase, up to 1930, witnessed reinvigorated flows. And that despite the fact that the country was ‘the most distant of the Commonwealth nations . He was a nephew of the poet Robert Burns. The South Island has strong Scottish associations with Otago and Southland provinces. The formation of the Society began in 1902 as a result of the work of Messers D. McKenzie and J. Fraser. It was not until building was about to commence that the local (predominantly Scottish and Presbyterian) community became aware of what was happening. We would welcome more input from NZ so if anyone else fancies getting … Coincidentally I’m back in New Zealand just now for a visit and a number of activities (see here for details). Importantly, it was as part of Vogel’s policies that a larger contingent of Highlanders arrived in the country. Through words – and of course, lots of analogue photographs, let me show you … Turakina in Wanganui was originally settled by Gaelic speakers, but there is not much trace other than annual Highland games.[11]. The main streets of Invercargill, one of the most southern cities in the world, are named after Scottish rivers Dee, Don, Esk. The arrival of one group of Scots in the 1850s is among the most dramatic of New Zealand’s immigration stories. We are the sole distributors of the Pride of New Zealand tartan. Coming less then ten years after the end of the First World War, the New Zealand Prime Minister’s statement does not surprise. The settlement, however, was ill conceived. "'No Colonists are more Imbued with their National Sympathies than Scotchmen,'". (Many of Invercargill's main streets are named after Scottish rivers: Dee, Tay, Spey, Esk, Don, Doon, Clyde, etc.). . [16] An ordinance of the council established the university in 1869, giving it 100,000 acres (400 km2) of land, and the power to grant degrees in Arts, Medicine, Law and Music. New Zealand, described a report published in Wellington’s Evening Post in 1931, was the place ‘where so many Scottish compatriots have carried their virtues and customs to form a great and flourishing Dominion.’ And indeed, the Scots have been fundamental in shaping New Zealand society. With the dissolving of the University of New Zealand in 1961 and passage of the University of Otago Amendment Act 1961, the university regained authority to confer degrees. His plans for the centre of Dunedin included a large Octagonal area (Moray Place) enclosing a smaller octagonal shape, originally designated as a reserve. [14] The result was both grand and quirky streets as the builders struggled and sometimes failed to construct his bold vision across the challenging landscape. The 1858 census shows that no more than 55% of the 1,712 Dunedinites listed in the census gave Scotland as their place of birth. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand notes that in many cases, the distinctive features of Scottish settlers were often wiped out in a generation or two, and replaced with a British identity which consisted mostly of English culture: Partly the result of the successful recruitment by emigration agents in Scotland, targeted special settlements were established across New Zealand under the auspices of provincial governments, facilitating the concentrated arrival of Highlanders. Scottish New Zealanders are New Zealanders of Scottish ancestry or who originate from Scotland. There are Scottish placenames all over New Zealand, but they tend to be concentrated in the southern part of South Island. According to Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland: The Otago and Southland Regiment is still linked to the Highlanders in the British Army. From the mid-1850s to c. 1880, McClean estimates that around fifty-three thousand Scots travelled directly from a port in the United Kingdom to a destination in New Zealand. Conditions in Foveaux Strait prevented immigrants from using their skills, and poor preservation methods made selling their catch all the more difficult. This time a decade ago I had just started packing. All over New Zealand, the Scots developed different means to bridge the old homeland and the new. While there were Scots among the transients in pre-1840 New Zealand, the first significant phase starts with the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi and runs until the mid-1850s. It is in this period that early Scottish pioneers like John Logan Campbell made their mark. [17], The University's coat of arms was granted by the Lord Lyon King of Arms on 21 January 1948, and features a yellow saltire, on blue. The foundations of New Zealand settlement were well and truly laid by pioneers who faced adventure, withstood hardship, and maintained under all conditions of difficulty a determination to plant in this distant part of the world a “new Britain”. The Otago Settlement, sponsored by the Free Church of Scotland, materialised in March 1848 with the arrival of the first two immigrant ships from Greenock on the Firth of Clyde – the John Wickliffe and the Philip Laing. This is a list of placenames in Scotland which have subsequently been applied to parts of New Zealand by Scottish emigrants or explorers. No. These migrants brought with them trades and skills, ideas and beliefs, and, above all, a desire for a better life. This resulted in a major furore within the city. Founded 1902 Cum Daingeann - Hold Fast. Provincial government in New Zealand ceased in 1876, and the national limelight gradually shifted northwards. However, identification as "British" or "European" New Zealanders can sometimes obscure their origin. - First Scots in New Zealand Sailing Ship "City of Adelaide" Took Emigrants to Australia The first time that Scotland had sent an organised group of emigrants to settle abroad was the ill-fated "Darien Scheme" in Panama at the very end of the 18th century. Its name comes from the Gaelic word for Edinburgh, and Thomas Burns, nephew to famous Scots poet Robert Burns, was among the early settlers. This story traces notable moments in the arrival of Scots from the time of Captain Cook onwards - explorers, sealers, whalers, missionaries and settlers. 514 likes. Dunedin, the Most Scottish Town in New Zealand 8 9 Share Tweet Dunedin is one of the biggest cities in the south island of New Zealand and has a very Scottish identity. 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