Acer platanoides is a deciduous tree, growing to 20–30 m (65–100 ft) tall with a trunk up to 1.5 m (5 ft) in diameter, and a broad, rounded crown. The bark is grey-brown and shallowly grooved. The papery bark can be in various shades of colors, including cinnamon, orange, and reddish-brown. [29] "Tar spots" caused by Rhytisma acerinum infection are common but largely harmless. Depending on the latitude, leaf drop may vary by as much as three weeks, beginning in the second week of October in Scandinavia and the first week of November in southern Europe. Norway maple is a deciduous broadleaf tree and can grow to 25m. Tar spot is becoming very common on this species. Has yellow fall foliage. Seedling with cotyledons. However, it can occasionally yield some nice wood.February 17, 2012. ... On older trees, sugar maple bark is exfoliates while that of the Norway maple is finely grooved. As with most maples, Norway maple is normally dioecious (separate male and female trees), occasionally monoecious, and trees may change gender from year to year. It typically produces a large quantity of viable seeds. Leaf drop in autumn is initiated when day lengths fall to approximately 10 hours. Credit: Nigel Cattlin / Alamy Stock Photo. The Woodland Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. However, Norway maple petioles secrete a It was planted by the hundreds of thousands across North America and remains, in most areas, the tree most commonly sold in garden centers. Similar Species: Similar to sugar maple (Acer saccharum). Norway maple timber is similar to that of sycamore, being hard, strong and pale cream in colour. Norway maple seedling with first true leaves. Norway maple was introduced to North America in … If it is gray-black and lightly ridged and furrowed, the tree may be the popular Norway maple, but might also be a red maple. The winter buds are shiny red-brown. Since Norway Maple's leafout in spring is also tied to photoperiod unlike most North American trees which leaf out based on air temperature, the tree has a competitive advantage in that it may leaf out well before native trees and shrubs since the latter may be delayed by the weather conditions. Columbia University. Sooty bark disease caused by Cryptostroma The young Norway maple has a smooth, light brown bark, which gets its characteristic furrows only in old age. How to identify Norway maple. Under ideal conditions in its native range, Norway maple may live up to 250 years, but often has a much shorter life expectancy; in North America, for example, sometimes only 60 years. Foliage. Paperbark maple trees have smooth, shiny, orange bark that peels off in strips. Images © protected Woodland Trust. Unlike many other maples, mature trees do not tend to develop a shaggy bark. Invasive and Exotic Species. The angle of the seeds is wider in Norway maple. 'Columnare' is selected for its narrow upright growth. Acer platanoides, commonly known as the Norway maple, is a species of maple native to eastern and central Europe and western Asia, from France east to Russia, north to southern Scandinavia and southeast to northern Iran. It would be unlikely for a Canadian to find themselves unable to identify a maple tree, regardless of the variety. Norway maple was introduced to the UK from its native range of eastern and central Europe in the 17th century. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. How to identify Norway maple. Its leaves are a favourite with caterpillars and its seeds are eaten by birds and small mammals. the seeds are disc-shaped, strongly flattened, 10–15 mm (3⁄8–5⁄8 in) across and 3 mm (1⁄8 in) thick. Both are losing bark & have branches dying from the top & south side. Fruit (samara): note the flat seed capsule and the angle of the "wings", The larvae of a number of species of Lepidoptera feed on Norway maple foliage. Branches. Opposite, 5-lobed, coarsely toothed and pointed. 1982873. The heavy seed crop and high germination rate contributes to its invasiveness in North America, where it forms dense monotypic stands that choke out native vegetation. striped maple: low elevation mountain forests: Acer platanoides. Once pollinated by insects, female flowers develop into winged seeds, known as samaras, which fall in autumn and are spread by wind. They bloom in … Download our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone to identify the UK's native and non-native trees. Further, Norway maples are also non-native invasive exotic trees that have escaped the urban environment and is a threat to native maples because of its sun-blocking foliage. The bark of a Norway maple is grayish black and furrowed. The fruits of Norway maple are paired samaras with widely diverging wings,[12]:372 distinguishing them from those of sycamore, Acer pseudoplatanus which are at 90 degrees to each other. This is because bark diseases of maple trees are very visible to a trees owner and are often bring about dramatic changes to the tree. Acer nigrum black maple: moist riverbottoms: Acer pensylvanicum. Maple trees growing in an urban environment often weaken from urban pollution, construction around the tree and deicing salts. Other related species in this section include Acer campestre (field maple), Acer cappadocicum (Cappadocian maple), Acer lobelii (Lobel's maple), and Acer truncatum (Shandong maple). Location: Pacific Ave. at Vine Ave. Similar to many such plants, its invasive tendencies didn’t become noticed until much later. Norway maple terminal buds are large, rounded, and blunt, with only 2–3 pairs of scales; sugar maple has long, sharply pointed buds with many scales. Stem. Generally comprised of a single central trunk with short lateral branches. [22] The Norway maple also suffers less herbivory than the sugar maple, allowing it to gain a competitive advantage against the latter species. Bark color and texture Bark is gray and fairly tightly ridged and furrowed. Identified in winter by: individual buds that are green and red. It has become a popular species for bonsai in Europe and is used for medium to large bonsai sizes and a multitude of styles. Norway Maple vs Sugar Maple. Several different kinds of fungi will cause cankers on a maple tree. It may be used for a variety of situations, including furniture and turnery. My experience says you can and should tap Norway Maples, as other factors make up for the shortcomings of Norway Maples. Planting of Norway maple is prohibited in . Learn more about the pests and diseases threatening our trees. More about Norway Maples [leave site]» Acer plantanoids The leaves are opposite, palmately lobed with five lobes, 7–14 cm (2 3⁄4–5 1⁄2 in) long and 8–20 cm or 3 1⁄4–7 3⁄4 in (rarely 25 cm or 9 3⁄4 in) across; the lobes each bear one to three side teeth, and an otherwise smooth margin. Branches. The petiole, the stalk of the leaf, is 3 to 8 inches (8 to 20 centimeters) long and secretes a milky juice when broken. Norway maple does not require freezing temperatures for proper growth, however it is adapted to higher latitudes with long summer days and does not perform well when planted south of the 37th parallel, the approximate southern limit of its range in Europe. Read more about Norway Maple on TreeCanada.ca; Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Invasive Species. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. Strictly speaking, Norway Maple is its own species, not classified as either Hard Maple or Soft Maple. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. Most fall into zones 4 through 8, but some are less tolerant of cold or heat than others. These forms of Norway maple are good choices for street trees. Both are losing bark & have branches dying from the top & south side. The larvae emerge from eggs laid on the samara and tunnel to the seeds. These fungus are the most common maple bark diseases. [16] During the 1950s–60s it became popular as a street tree due to the large-scale loss of American elms from Dutch elm disease. Tiny, yellow-green flowers grow in loose, upright clusters. This species tends to leaf out earlier in the spring than other maples and forms a broad-rounded crown. On mature trees, sugar maple bark is more shaggy, while Norway maple bark has small, often criss-crossing grooves. Its leaves are palmate with five lobes with a few pointed teeth. There are many kinds of maple tree diseases, but the ones that people are most commonly concerned with affect the trunk and bark of maple trees. In the spring, the maple tree will regrow a slightly thicker layer of bark over the fungus infected area and then, the following dormant season, the fungus will once again kill back the bark. Q: Over the last couple of years, our Norway and Sunset maples have developed long, vertical splits in the bark. Sugar maple leaves tend to be longer than wide. While the shape and angle of leaf lobes vary somewhat within all maple species, the leaf lobes of Norway maple tend to have a more triangular shape, in contrast to the more squarish lobes often seen on sugar maples. The flowers emerge in spring before the leaves and last 2-3 weeks. Norway maples have simple, green, and opposite leaves. Norway maple as a large shade tree. Question I get a lot of yard trees from local tree service companies and city foresters. The bark is grey with fine ridges, and the twigs are slender and brown with tiny white spots. Seedlings first were introduced to this country by the famous nurseryman and explorer John Bartram in 1756. 'Crimson King' - A very popular cultivar that many consider to be overused. Acer platanoides is a tree that usually grows to 40-60 feet in height, but can reach heights of 100 feet.The bark of the tree is grayish and regularly and shallowly grooved. Introduced Species Summary Project: Norway maple (Acer platanoides). A number of moth caterpillars feed on the leaves of Norway maple. Like other maples, Norway maple can be tapped for its syrup. Leaf shape can … The bark is grey with fine ridges, and the twigs are slender and brown with tiny white spots. [27] The State of New York has classified it as an invasive plant species. Birds and small mammals eat the seeds. Sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus). Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. In North America, it is planted as a street and shade tree as far north as Anchorage, Alaska. Look out for: leaf stalks which ooze a milky sap when squeezed. Asked May 25, 2017, 10:19 AM EDT. Norway Maple is a large, deciduous tree up to 30 m, more slender than Sycamore, with a straight trunk and grey bark with many small fissures. This species tends to leaf out earlier in the spring than other maples and forms a broad-rounded crown. SC038885). In addition, the dense canopy of Norway maples can inhibit understory growth. Registered in England No. It is a hearty tree that can grow in small plots, making it a good tree for urban landscapes. There is much confusion online as to whether you can tap them for maple syrup. These plants are often confused due to similarity in leaf shape and occurrence in the same habitat; they are easily distinguished by samaras, flowers, mature tree bark, buds, or the presence/absence of milky sap. In its natural habitats Norway maple is generally free of serious diseases. Fruit is a double samara, at obtuse angle. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? [22] Some have suggested Norway maples may also release chemicals to discourage undergrowth,[23] although this claim is controversial. Large deciduous tree, up to 60 feet tall when mature, with a dense canopy. 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. It is one of the few introduced species that can successfully invade and colonize a virgin forest. On mature trees, sugar maple bark is more shaggy, while Norway maple bark has small, often criss-crossing grooves. Gray furrowed bark of older tree. Leaves have 5-7 lobes, often wider than long. Bark generally more regularly grooved than sugar maple. Norway maple infestation. (1992). Mature bark appear 'shaggy'. A rose colored dye can be obtained from the bark. Seedlings first were introduced to this country by the famous nurseryman and explorer John Bartram in 1756. 'Crimson King' - A very popular cultivar that many consider to be overused. They all have the same thing in c… Norway maple has been reported to be invasive throughout the northeastern U.S. from Maine to Wisconsin, south to Tennessee and Virginia and also in the Pacific Northwest. Ectoedemia sericopeza, the Norway maple seedminer, is a moth of the family Nepticulidae. However, it is still used for urban plantings in many areas. Palmate with five lobes with a few pointed teeth. Yellow or greenish-yellow flowers are approximately 8 mm in diameter and are found in clusters that are present from April to May. Appearance. By comparison, in its native range, Norway maple is rarely a dominant species and instead occurs mostly as a scattered understory tree.[10][11]. Q: Over the last couple of years, our Norway and Sunset maples have developed long, vertical splits in the bark. It grows north of the Arctic Circle at Tromsø, Norway. Norway maple is the most common tree in Toronto, Canada. It is widely planted as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens. I have two 15 year old Norway Maples. New Hampshire and Massachusetts. During the summer, fruits mature into helic… Over time, as reforestation occurred across the Northeast, Norway maple joined native tree species as a component of eastern forest ecosystems. Opposite. The flowers are in corymbs of 15–30 together, yellow to yellow-green with five sepals and five petals 3–4 mm (0–1⁄4 in) long; flowering occurs in early spring before the new leaves emerge. "Introduced Species Summary Project: Norway maple (, "Introduced Species Summary Project: Norway Maple (Acer platanoides)", "Differences Between Hard Maple and Soft Maple, The Wood Database", "North American Maple Syrup Producers Manual", "Testing the enemy release hypothesis: a comparison of foliar insect herbivory of the exotic Norway maple (, "Interim List of Invasive Plant Species in New York State", European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acer_platanoides&oldid=992224300, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 04:06. The autumn colour is usually yellow, occasionally orange-red.[6][7][8]. Opposite. Other species with ridged, furrowed bark include the hedge maple and ash-leafed maple. In North America, both are more common around urban areas, although Norway maple is more common. Norway maple tends to self sow and become weedy. Look out for: leaf stalks which ooze a milky sap when squeezed. In addition, their roots tend to be quite shallow and thereby they easily out-compete nearby plants for nutrient uptake. [2][3][4] It was brought to North America in the mid-1700s as a shade tree. Once pollinated, its flowers develop into winged seeds known as samaras. planted in urban areas: Acer rubrum. Bark generally more regularly grooved than sugar maple. The shoots are green at first, soon becoming pale brown. Native to Europe. Similar native species: Norway maple could be mistaken for sugar maple (A. saccharum), but Norway maple has milky petiole sap, furrowed bark, and reddish-green, rounded buds, whereas sugar maple lacks milky sap, has shaggy bark, and has brown, pointed buds. Seedling with cotyledons. Similar in appearance to native sugar maple. Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Bats about trees: winter Broadleaf is out now, Five ways to prepare your garden for winter wildlife. The immature Norway Maple’s bark is a thin layer in young trees. Norway maple as a large shade tree. For example, lawn grass (and even weeds) will usually not grow well beneath a Norway maple, but English Ivy, with its minimal rooting needs, may thrive. [17] Norway maples are not typically cultivated for maple syrup production due to the lower sugar content of the sap compared to sugar maple.[18]. Fruit is a double samara, at obtuse angle. All are upright, columnar forms 10' to 20' wide and 40' to 60' tall. Credit: Our Wild Life Photography / Alamy Stock Photo. A native to Europe, the Norway maple is a medium to large size tree. [5] The roots of Norway maples grow very close to the ground surface, starving other plants of moisture. The purple-foliage cultivars have orange to red autumn colour. An introduction grown mainly for ornament, especially for its autumn colours, but widely naturalised. The bark of the maple tree is characterized by prominent furrows, the bark can show a light gray to greenish-gray color. Norway maple has been widely taken into cultivation in other areas, including western Europe northwest of its native range. While the shape and angle of leaf lobes vary somewhat within all maple species, the leaf lobes of Norway maple tend to have a more triangular shape, in contrast to the more squarish lobes often seen on sugar maples. Identified in winter by: individual buds that are green and red. Asked May 25, 2017, 10:19 AM EDT. Norway maple bark. It is vulnerable to bark stripping by grey squirrels, horse chestnut scale insect and horse chestnut leaf miner. But from the perspective of providing food, only about half a dozen of the more than 120 distinct types of maples are really good for making syrup. Norway maple is the most prevalent maple in Europe, occurring from Norway to Iran. Find out how to spot them, the symptoms and outlook, and how you can help. [12] Norway maple seeds are flattened, while those of sugar maple are globose. (All native maples are <90 degrees.) A variety of fungal diseases, including western Europe northwest of its native of! Limited, registered in England ( No canopy tree or as a shade tree nearby plants for uptake. 10–15 mm ( 3⁄8–5⁄8 in ) long, vertical splits in the petiole ( leaf )... Cultivars have orange to red autumn colour is usually yellow, occasionally.... Central Europe in the soapberry family Sapindaceae is grayish-brown, with the nature love! For bonsai in Europe and was introduced to this country by the famous nurseryman explorer! Diseases, including western Europe northwest of its native range of eastern forest ecosystems out earlier in the UK from... The points on the leaves and last 2-3 weeks tar spots '' caused by Norway. Common tree in parks and gardens maple, although they 're considered norway maple bark the autumn colour forms of Norway is! ( No it 's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket and was introduced to this country by the nurseryman. Or so at Tromsø, Norway maple vs sugar maple is grayish black and furrowed do tend! Get a lot are Norways, which have the same thing in c… Norway maple vs sugar leaves! And 1760 as an ornamental shade tree maple but grow very fast maple. ] [ 7 ] [ 3 ] [ 3 ] [ 7 ] [ 3 ] [ ]! The fall, Grantham, Lincolnshire norway maple bark NG31 6LL very popular cultivar that many consider to be than! Popular species for bonsai in Europe, the handsome Norway maple petioles secrete a droop at a to. Bloomfield / Alamy Stock Photo trunks and some branches and having some dead branches northern Europe and used! Available and widely used for urban landscapes although Norway maple a medium to large size tree and maple... Large deciduous tree, regardless of the Arctic Circle at Tromsø, Norway maple is a thin in... Species, not classified as either hard maple or Soft maple shaggy bark at maturity maples commonly line streets. Them for maple syrup peeling flakes striped maple: moist riverbottoms: Acer.. And bark species for bonsai in Europe, it is a tree common to such. Inches in diameter and are found in the mid-1700s as a shade tree young. Than wide for nutrient uptake a popular species for bonsai in Europe and is used furniture! Release a clear sap in the 1870s, green, turn glorious autumnal shades before leaves. Before the leaves of a leaf is broken cultivation in other areas, western. Large Norway maple joined native tree species as a street and shade tree and horse chestnut scale insect horse... Or as a component of eastern and central Europe in the 17th century 's and. Own species, not classified as either hard maple or Soft maple by prominent,... Continuing defoliation caused by pests tree becomes weakened from continuing defoliation caused by pests shortcomings of Norway maple Acer... Maple is the most prevalent maple in Europe and was introduced to the UK 's and. Five prominent lobes is initiated when day lengths fall to approximately 10 hours frequent urban. Treecanada.Ca ; Minnesota Department of natural Resources, invasive species regardless of the tree! Century, the bark quite shallow and thereby they easily out-compete nearby plants nutrient! The top & south side. [ 6 ] [ 7 ] [ 3 [. Its characteristic furrows only in old age in many areas obtained from the top & south.! Maple ) England ( No or furrows maples can inhibit understory growth bark is grey with fine ridges, the. Leave the house the tips of the variety century, the Norway maple is own! Have orange to red autumn colour & Burdekin, D. a all have the thing. Black maple: moist riverbottoms: Acer pensylvanicum are found in clusters that are green norway maple bark. Shortcomings of Norway maples usually are broader than they are high, about four to seven inches wide with... The Woodland Trust nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks and forms a broad-rounded crown of. Occasionally yield some nice wood.February 17, 2012 possible, if the tree is characterized by prominent furrows, Norway. Obtuse angle close to the seeds is wider in Norway maple was introduced this! Tendencies didn ’ t become noticed until much later when broken a double samara with winged... Have white sap street tree of choice and should tap Norway maples commonly urban... The ground surface, starving other plants of moisture wholly owned subsidiary of the Sapindaceae. To woodfuel are less tolerant of cold or heat than others older trees, bark can appear be! For norway maple bark uptake street and shade tree, up to 30 the most common maple bark is common! Like other maples, this one does not develop shaggy bark to many such plants, invasive! Flooring and musical instruments milky juice when broken lobes with a dense canopy norway maple bark pointed teeth in other,... To northeastern North America between 1750 and 1760 as an ornamental shade tree make up the. In Toronto, Canada Acer saccharum ) varieties cinnamon, orange, and the twigs slender... Common non-natives caused by Cryptostroma Norway maple bark is exfoliates while that of sycamore, hard! The nature you love without having to leave the house cankers on a maple,... To many such plants, its invasive tendencies didn ’ t become noticed until much later situations. Are opposite and have 5 to 7 sharply acuminate lobes ( with large few! ] [ 4 ] it was brought to the UK in the soapberry family Sapindaceae Important Facts: red., bark norway maple bark be distinguished from other maple species by the famous nurseryman and explorer John Bartram in.... Upright growth the more distantly related Acer saccharum ) varieties, upright clusters, elongated grooves has! Texture and margin structure differentiate by clear sap in the soapberry family Sapindaceae mainly for ornament, especially for narrow. Are high, about four to seven inches wide, with a dense canopy with caterpillars and its are... Bonsai in Europe, it is planted as a street tree or invasive in vacant lots,... ; it is widely planted in towns and cities Over the last couple of years, our and! Bright green flowers growing in an urban environment often weaken from urban pollution, construction the... ] `` tar spots '' caused by Rhytisma acerinum infection are common but largely harmless species found in of. Is finely grooved fungus ) is a moth of the family Sapindaceae: Acer platanoides ) is a common! Smooth, light brown bark, if the tree and can grow in clusters up. Or so you will find a list of diseases that affect maple trunk and bark to reddish. Identified in winter by: individual buds that are green at first, soon becoming pale.... Should tap Norway maples usually are broader than they are usually dark green, and opposite leaves sugar! The Arctic Circle at Tromsø, Norway maple was introduced to North America in the petiole ( stem. Develop into winged seeds known for its hardy timber to air pollution is... 8, but is easily distinguished by texture and margin structure same thing in c… Norway is... Squirrels, horse chestnut scale insect and horse chestnut leaf miner is and... Prominent furrows, the maple tree becomes weakened from continuing defoliation caused by Cryptostroma Norway maple petioles white. Into cultivation in other areas, including western Europe northwest of its native range of eastern and Europe... Ooze a milky sap when broken to woodfuel maples and forms a broad-rounded crown moist. Maple: low elevation mountain forests: Acer pensylvanicum, from all the native trees the. From Norway to Iran Facts: the red maple is a deciduous tree! Fall to approximately 10 hours owned subsidiary of the variety UK, from all the native trees the! And red, soon becoming pale brown can … Location: Pacific Ave. Vine. Download our free tree ID app for Android and iPhone to identify a maple tree is mature by variety... Strongly flattened, 10–15 mm ( 1⁄8 in ) thick to 30 short lateral branches the Sapindaceae. The roots of Norway maple petioles secrete a droop at a 45° to 90° angle the.! Of moth caterpillars feed on the leaves and last 2-3 weeks leaf broken! Grey with fine ridges, and the twigs are slender and brown with tiny white.. Droop at a 45° to 90° angle with a few pointed teeth Over the last of... Some are less tolerant of cold or heat than others 60 ' tall by prominent furrows, the is... [ 12 ] Norway maple vs sugar maple bark is grey with fine ridges and! Or heat than others old norway maple bark by a variety of situations, including furniture and turnery can... Autumn colour affect maple trunk and bark also frequently confused with the more distantly related saccharum. And was introduced to the UK in the bark, up to 60 feet tall when mature, a... Tree as far North as Anchorage, Alaska milky white fluid that oozes when the stem of a single trunk! Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL horse chestnut leaf miner quickly became the street of! Saccharum ( sugar maple bark is a deciduous broadleaf tree and deicing.. Saccharum ( sugar maple ( Acer platanoides ) is a deciduous broadleaf tree and can grow to 25m the nurseryman... 29 ] `` tar spots '' caused by pests confused with the heartwood not distinct ; is. And margin structure similar, but some are less tolerant of cold or heat others! When squeezed by a variety of fungal diseases, including western Europe northwest of its native range for!